Project Components

Promoting Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices and Advisory Services

This component aims at strengthening the adaptive capacity of smallholder farmers to adjust and modify their production systems to minimize the potential future impacts from climate variability. The component focuses on:


  • Scaling‐up the adoption of climate‐smart agriculture technologies by farmers and enhancing farm management practices aimed at improving soil health, water‐use efficiency, crop diversification, and farm productivity.
  • Promoting a more efficient use of surface water accompanied with a more sustainable use of groundwater, leading to improved availability and quality of water at the farm level.
  • Improving access to climate and market advisory services through ICT, thereby strengthening farmers’ adaptation and resilience.
  • Improving access to climate and market advisory services through ICT, thereby strengthening farmers’ adaptation and resilience.

Improving Agricultural Commercialization and Nutrition

This component will provide much-needed financial support to farmers and agro-processors benefiting from the technology training and irrigation support provided under Component 1.  The provision of irrigation, for e.g., would improve the potential of year-round water availability that is critical to improving agricultural productivity and commercialization in Lesotho’s agriculture. 

Financing support in the form of matching grants will enable the cash-constrained farmers to capitalize on the availability of irrigation and training in CSA technologies for on-the-ground productive and sustainable investments.  Investment support will be provided in selected high potential value chains (VCs), including horticulture, potatoes, small-scale piggery and small-scale poultry.

The component will support horizontal and vertical alliances that would result in the integration of a greater number of smallholder producers in these potentially remunerative VCs, incentivize contract farming, build trusted commercial partnerships between farmers and private agri-businesses and drive enterprise operations towards more lucrative domestic and export markets. 

Support in horticulture and livestock value chains will also contribute to improved nutritional outcomes as it will improve availability of and access to diverse nutrient-dense foods such as fruits and vegetables as well as protein-rich dairy and meat products.  Activities under the component are therefore expected to result in the positive outcomes of job creation, improved beneficiary incomes, better nutritional outcomes and increased economic opportunities for women and youth in the rural sector.

Project Management, Coordination, Monitoring and Evaluation

This component will support project management, coordination, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of project activities.  The existing Project Management Unit (PMU) within the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security will be responsible for project implementation including fiduciary aspects (including audits); knowledge management/communication (including public awareness campaigns); grievance redress mechanism; citizen engagement; and monitoring the implementation of safeguard related measures.

It will finance PMU staff related costs (training etc.), goods, equipment and vehicles, incremental operating costs, assessments/analyses/studies for preparation of future projects/operations, and other eligible expenses associated with overall project implementation.     

Contingency Emergency Response Component

A Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) with zero allocation to partially cover emergency response via implementation of key activities by the appropriate agencies to respond to the emergency.

The CERC could also be used to channel additional funds should they become available as a result of an eligible emergency.